Council of Europe
The CoE, one of the most important intergovernmental organizations on Human Rights (composed of 47 States), guarantees the European Convention on Human Rights and its protection through the European Court of Human Rights. The Budapest Convention on cybercrime is the CoE’s most significant in the field of cybersecurity. It is a guideline for all Member States desiring to implement national legislation on the matter, proposing a format for international cooperation between States signatory to this treaty. At the moment, the Convention was signed by 53 States and ratified by 44.
Through a joint statement, the President of the Council of Europe's Treaty N. 108 Committee on Data Protection, Alessandra Pierucci, along with the Council of Europe's Data Protection Commissioner, Jean-Philippe Walter, warned about the possible side effects of digital contact tracing applications used to help fighting the COVID-19 pandemic and called for the establishment of adequate safeguards to prevent the risks associated with personal data and privacy.
RECOMMENDATION CM/REC (2020) of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the human rights impacts of algorithmic systems
Through this recommendation, the Council of Europe formulated a set of guidelines calling on governments to ensure that Human Rights are not violated through the use, development or acquisition of algorithmic systems, and to establish effective and predictable legislative, regulatory and supervisory frameworks capable of preventing, detecting and prohibiting human rights violations and remedying them, whether attributable to public or private actors.
Protocol amending the Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data. Council of Europe Treaty Series - No. 223
Protocol of Amendment to the Convention for the Protection of Individuals regarding Automatic Processing of Personal Data. It is proposed to amend the Convention adopted in 1980, considering the new challenges that have emerged. It is the only international legally binding instrument of global scope in this field.
Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime, concerning the criminalisation of acts of a racist and xenophobic nature committed through computer systems. Council of Europe Treaty Series - No. 189
Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime on the incrimination of racist and xenophobic acts committed by means of computer systems.
Convention on Cybercrime. Council of Europe Treaty Series - No. 185
Budapest Convention on Cybercrime. This is the first international agreement on criminal offences committed via the Internet and other computer networks and deals with copyright infringements, computer fraud, child pornography and network security breaches.
Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data. Council of Europe Treaty Series - No. 108
Convention for the Protection of Individuals regarding Automatic Processing of Personal Data. This is the first binding international instrument to protect individuals against the misuse of automated processing of personal data and to regulate the cross-border flow of data.
Secretary General’s Regulation of 17 April 1989 instituting a system of data protection for personal data files at the Council of Europe
Through this regulation, the Secretary General of the Council of Europe establishes a system for the protection of personal data and creates the role of Data Protection Commissioner, responsible for supervising compliance with the rules on the protection of personal data collected and processed by the Council of Europe.
Global Action on Cybercrime Extended (GLACY)+
GLACY+ is a joint project along between the EU and CoE. This project points at extending the experience of the GLACY project (2013-2016) by also supporting fifteen other key States in Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ghana Mauritius, Morocco, Nigeria, Paraguay, Philippines, Senegal, Sri-Lanka and Tonga) in order to strengthen their capacity to apply effective legislations on cybercrime and security, and to gather digital proofs, as to enforce a stronger and more effective cooperation in this field.
Cybercrime Program Office (C-PROC)
The Office was established in 2013 through a Memorandum of Understanding between the Council of Europe and the Government of Romania. The C-PROC is responsible for assisting countries around the world with the aim of strengthening the capacity of their legal systems to address the challenges posed by cyber-crimes.