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CSSII Centro Universitario di Studi Strategici Internazionali e Imprenditoriali

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a regional organization composed of 29 countries of the Northern Atlantic area. Cyber defense entered into NATO’s agenda at the Prague Summit in 2002. Its first cyber policy was prepared in 2008, officialized at the Lisbon Summit of 2010 when Cyber Defense was included in NATO’s Strategic Concept. At the Warsaw Summit of 2016, recognized cyberspace to be a new military operations’ domain and in 2018 Member States’ Ministers of Defense agreed to create a new Cyber Operation Center at SHAPE, in order to help and integrate all aspects of cyberspace at every level of NATO’s operations planning and execution.




Enhanced Cyber Defence Policy

Adopted at the Wales Summit of 2014. It enhances allies’ cooperation in four areas: cyber defense (affirming the applicability of art. 5 in case of a cyber-attack), assistance among Member States, capacity development and creation of new partnerships.


Cyber Defence Pledge

Declaration adopted during the Warsaw Summit of 2016 where Member States’ Head of States reaffirmed their willingness to strengthen Member States’ cyber defense and that of NATO. It also declares cyberspace as a domain for military operations.


Brussels Summit Declaration

Declaration following the Brussels Summit of July 2018: at point n. 20 it reaffirms the need to develop the capacity in NATO countries to defend themselves and respond to cyber threats.


Tallinn Manual 2.0

Second edition of the Manual, prepared by the CCDCOE, and it contains indications on how to apply international law in cases of cyber incidents.


Guide to Developing a National Cybersecurity Strategy: Strategic Engagement in Cybersecurity

Joint publication to guide States in developing national cybersecurity, cyber-preparedness and resilience strategies.


Wales Summit Declaration

Statement supporting the adoption of the Enhanced Cyber ​​Defense Policy and the need to develop a NATO collective defense system in the cyber sector.




NATO Information Assurance Symposium (NIAS)

NATO conference, held annually, on emerging cybersecurity trends.


NATO Annual Cyber Coalition Exercise

The largest cyber defense exercise inside NATO, held annually, which prepares Member States for the Alliance defense networks. It involves more than 700 military and civilian actors.


International Conference on Cyber Conflict

Annual conference, promoted by the CCDCOE, dealing with major problems related to cyber-defense.


Locked Shields

Annual exercise organized by the CCDCOE testing the skills of NATO’s cyber security experts in realistic scenarios.


Project, NATO-Moldova

Multi-year collaboration project to improve the cyber-defense capabilities of the Moldavian armed forces.


Cooperation, Estonia/NATO-Japan

Cooperation that led Japan to participate as a member of the CCDCOE.


Cooperation Agreement, EU-NATO

Meeting between NATO and EU officers to discuss current efforts and new areas of cooperation for cyber-defense.


NATO-Kuwait ICI Regional Center activities

Cooperation between NATO and Kuwait ICI Regional Center in a number of sectors, including cyber defense and critical infrastructure security.


Agreement, NATO-Lithuania

Agreement to strengthen cooperation between NATO and Lithuania in cybersecurity.


Cooperation, NATO-Bosnia and Herzegovina

Cooperation born following the NATO SPS (Science for Peace and Security) program. NATO and Bosnia and Herzegovina seek common solutions to cyber defense, anti-terrorism and other security challenges.


Morocco-NATO Talks

Meeting between NATO and Morocco representatives to evaluate cooperation between the two bodies at a bilateral level, specifically in cybersecurity.


NATO Training

NATO training program for Iraqi cyber defense experts, with the aim of strengthening Iraq's cyber capacity.


Memorandum of Understanding, Bulgaria-NATO

Agreement to enhance cooperation for cyber defense between NATO and Bulgaria, through measures facilitating the exchange of information and knowledge. The deal also allows NATO to assist Bulgarian authorities in case of need.


EU-NATO Technical Arrangement

Agreement signed in February 2016 between NATO, NCIRC and CERT-EU to facilitate the exchange of information. It represents a step forward for the EU Cyber ​​Defense Policy Framework which sees in cooperation with NATO one of its 5 fundamental points.


NATO Science for Peace and Security (SPS) project to enhance Jordanian cyber defense capabilities

A Project which is part of the SPS initiative, aiming at establishing a collaboration between Jordan and NATO to enhance cyber defense capabilities. Among the results achieved, a CERT was established in Amman, Jordan.


NATO-Ukraine Trust Fund for Cyber Defense

Program to help Ukraine develop a defensive CSIRT to investigate cybersecurity incidents.


Discussions, Slovakia-NATO

Meeting between NATO and Slovakia representatives to discuss various defense-related issues, including cybersecurity.


Memorandum of Understanding, NATO-Czech Republic

Agreement between the Czech Republic's NSA and NATO CDMB to increase cooperation in the field of cyber defense.


Memorandum of Understanding, Romania-NATO

Agreement between NATO and Romania to strengthen cybersecurity cooperation.


Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Course

Corso promosso dal CCDCOE per addestrare e formare personale responsabile per la protezione di infrastrutture critiche di informazione (CIIP).

Course promoted by the CCDCOE to train personnel responsible for the protection of critical information infrastructures (CIIP).


Executive Cyber Seminar

Seminar promoted by CCDCOE to familiarize staff, with functions partly related to cyber, on cyberspace, particularly to the technical and legal aspects useful for the decision making process.


EU-NATO (15283/16)

Annex to the Council Conclusion on the implementation of the Joint Declaration of July 2016.


Memorandum of Understanding, Lithuania-NATO

Agreement between NATO and Lithuania to strengthen cybersecurity cooperation.




NATO Communications and Information Agency

Agency with the function of protecting the communication systems of NATO military commanders and decision makers.


North Atlantic Council (NAC)

Council responsible for the main political decisions within NATO, it is the main authority in the field of cyber defense and incident management.


Cyber Defense Committee

Commission helping Member States, subordinated to the NAC, with supervision and advice mechanisms in the field of cyber defense.


NATO Cyber Defense Management Board

Board responsible for the coordination of the military and civil sectors for cyber-defense.


NATO Consultation, Control and Command Board

Board with consultation functions for technical aspects and implementation of cyber-defense measures.


NATO Military Authorities

They share responsibilities with NATO Communications and Information Agency (NCIA) for the monitoring of the status of NATO's operational requirements, acquisition and implementation of cyber defense capabilities.


Allied Command Transformation

Body responsible for the planning and execution of the annual NATO Cyber ​​Coalition Exercise.


NATO Cooperative Cyber Defense Centre of Excellence (CCDCOE)

Organization whose purpose is to research and support NATO in the field of cyber defense. It is composed of experts from 25 nations.

last update: 24-Aug-2020
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