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CSSII Centro Universitario di Studi Strategici Internazionali e Imprenditoriali

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

ICANN was founded in 1998 and is a non-profit organization in the international public sector committed to maintain the security, stability and interoperability of the Internet. It promotes competition and develops a policy on unique identifiers for the Internet. ICANN's role is to oversee the huge and complex interconnected network of unique identifiers allowing computers on the Internet to track each other; this is commonly referred to as "universal resolvability", which means that wherever you are on the Internet (and therefore around the world), you will receive the same results when you access the Internet. Without this, there would be a completely different functioning Internet depending on where you are in the world.



Internet Identifier System Security, Stability, and Resiliency

The primary objective of ICANN is to ensure the security, stability and resilience of Internet identification systems. To achieve this goal, the organization has identified the following key points: 1) active interaction with security, operations and public security communities to collect and process intelligence data indicating (imminent) threats to domain registration service or DNS operations; 2) facilitate or participate with these same communities in threat preparedness activities to protect or mitigate threats to the DNS ecosystem; 3) to study or analyse data to better understand the health and well-being of the DNS ecosystem; 4) to assist in the DNS ecosystem risk management activities; 5) to participate, through the Global Stakeholder Engagements team in a global, in multi-stakeholder efforts to improve cyber security and mitigate cybercrime.


IETF-ICANN Memorandum of Understanding Concerning the Technical Work of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

This Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), published in 2013, defines the agreement between the Internet Engineering Task Force and the Internet Corporation for assigned names and numbers. Its purpose is solely to define the technical work to be carried out by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority on behalf of the Internet Engineering Task Force and the Internet Research Task Force.


Coordinated Vulnerability Disclusure Reporting at ICANN

This document, published in 2003, describes the basic principles of "coordinated communication of vulnerability". This term refers to a reporting methodology in which a party (reporter) privately discloses information related to a vulnerability discovery to products or services supplier. This is significant in the cyber environment, because in case of potentially harmful structural or system vulnerabilities it allows an aggrieved party to retaliate by following well-defined regulations.


ICANN Organization's Cybersecurity Transparency Guidelines

This document, published on August 3rd 2018, sets out ICANN's cyber security transparency guidelines.


2020 ICANN-IETF MoU Supplemental Agreement

This document, published in March 2020, is a supplementary agreement to the previous agreement concluded on March 1st 2000 between ICANN and the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). In addition to the renewal of the agreements previously concluded, this document introduces a new level of cooperation between the two bodies by creating a mechanism for the annual review of protocols with double control, as to ensure the proper functioning of the Internet.




Transtition Agreements

This Agreement, of June 5th 1998, the Government of the United States of America declared its willingness to recognise a new not-for-profit corporation established by private Internet industry entities to administer the Internet naming and address system policy. The Agreement stipulated a transition process during which the not-for-profit corporation would enter into various agreements to facilitate the end of the role of the United States Government in the Internet naming and addressing system to ensure the stability of the Internet.


MoU/Joint Project Agreement with U.S. Department of Commerce

In this Memorandum of Understanding, the parties defined the terms of a tasks transition without disrupting the service. In particular, the parties committed themselves to jointly design, develop and test the mechanisms, methods and procedures that should allow tasks transition without disrupting the normal functioning of the Internet. With this document, the US Government transferred responsibility for domain management to ICANN.


Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) and the U.S. Department of Commerce

Presented on September 30, 2000, this agreement outlined the terms of a long collaboration between ICANN and the U.S. Department of Commerce in the field of digital domain protection, the safeguarding of telecommunications infrastructure and the development of shared cyber security protocols.


ICANN/IANA - IETF MoU Supplement Agreement

As it entered into force on January 1st 2007, this Memorandum of Understanding sets out the guidelines for the allocation of names and numbers to domains, as well as the protocols to be adopted in the event of cyber-attacks.


ICANN/IANA - IETF MoU Supplement Agreement

The agreement updates the terms of the 2007 memorandum.


ICANN/IANA - IETF MoU Supplement Agreement

The agreement updates the terms of the 2008 memorandum.


ICANN/IANA - IETF MoU Supplement Agreement

The agreement updates the terms of the 2009 memorandum. This time by introducing new protocols against cyber-attacks on economic exchanges.


ICANN/IANA - IETF MoU Supplement Agreement

The agreement updates the terms of the 2010 memorandum.


ICANN/IANA - IETF MoU Supplement Agreement

Published in 2014, the document aimed at updating the IP and DNS addresses’ lists.


ICANN/IANA - IETF MoU Supplement Agreement

As it became effective starting January 1st 2019, this document dictates new protocols against cyber-attacks.


ICANN/IANA - IETF MoU Supplement Agreement

As it became effective starting January 1st 2020, this document renews and further increases, under US recommendations and auspices, the security protocols against cyber-attacks, namely against those coming from China. 




Advisory Committee on Security and Stability (SAAC)

The Security and Stability Advisory Board advises the community and the ICANN Council on issues relating to the security and integrity of Internet naming and addressing systems.  The SSAC engages in continuous threat assessment and risk analysis of Internet naming and address allocation services, to assess where the main threats to stability and security lie and advises the ICANN community accordingly.


Governmental Advisory Committee

The GAC acts as the voice of Governments and international governmental organisations in ICANN's multi-stakeholder representative structure. One of its tasks is to report national government policies on cyber security issues to ICANN.


Internet Engineering Task Force

This Task Force is responsible for the proper functioning of the entire system and the resolution of any problems.


Address Supporting Organization

The ASO is one of ICANN's three support organisations (SOs), it examines and develops recommendations on IP address policy (Internet Protocol) and advises the ICANN Council on policy issues relating to operation, allocation and management of IP addresses.

last update: 25-Aug-2020
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